Page tree

This is the documentation of Xray Server. If you are looking for Xray Cloud, visit this page. Documentation of older versions of Xray Server is available in this page.

Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

 

Overview

Xray enables easy integration with Jenkins through the "Xray for JIRA Jenkins Plugin", providing the means for successful Continuous Integration by allowing users to report automated testing results.

Release Notes


Installation

The installation is made manually. For more information on how to install add-ons, please refer to how to install add-ons.


Requirements

The Jenkins baseline for this app is v2.60.3 and it may not work properly with previous versions. 


Manual Installation


Download the latest version of the Jenkins Plugin

You may download the latest version of the Jenkins plugin from the latest Release Notes.


If you have the actual xray-for-jira-connector.hpi file,

  1. Go to the Update Center of Jenkins in Manage Jenkins > Manage Plugins.
  2. Select the advanced tab
  3. In the Upload Plugin section, click upload and select the file xray-for-jira-connector.hpi file.

Configuration

Xray for Jenkins is configured in the global settings configuration page  Manage Jenkins > Configure System > Xray for Jira configuration.

Jira servers

The Jira servers configuration defines connections with Jira instances. 

To add a new Jira instance connection, you need to specify some properties:

  1. Configuration alias
  2. Server Address: The address of the Jira Server where Xray is running
  3. Authentication:
    1. User: username
    2. Password.

note: the Configuration ID is not editable. This value can be used in the pipelines scripts.

Please note

The user present in this configuration must exist in the JIRA instance and have permission to Create Test and Test Execution Issues


Creating a new Project

The project is where the work that should be performed by Jenkins is configured.

For this app, you can configure:

  • Freestyle projects
  • Maven Projects
  • Multi-configuration Projects
  • Pipeline Projects

. In the home page, clicking for example New Item > Freestyle project, provide a name, and then click OK.

Build Steps

Build steps are the building blocks of the build process. These need to be defined in the project configuration.

The app provides

  • one build step for exporting Cucumber Scenario/Scenario Outlines from Jira as .feature files
  • one build step for importing Cucumber Tests from existing Cucumber features into Jira.
  • one post-build action which publishes the execution results back to Jira, regardless of the build process status.


Please note

The fields of the tasks may take advantage of the Jenkins Environment variables, which can be used to populate fields such as the "Revision" for specifying the source code's revision. For more information, please see Jenkins set environment variables.

Xray: Cucumber Features Export Task

This build step will export the Cucumber Tests (i.e., Scenario/Scenario Outlines) in .feature or bundled in a .zip file. The rules for exporting are defined here.

It invokes Xray's Export Cucumber Tests REST API endpoint (see more information here).

Configuration

Some fields need to be configured in order to export the Cucumber Tests. As input, you can either specify issue keys (see the endpoint documention here) or the ID of the saved filter in Jira.

fielddescription
Jira instanceThe Jira instance where Xray is running
Issue keysSet of issue keys separated by ";"

Filter ID

A number that indicates the filter ID
File path

The relative path of the directory where the features should be exported to; normally, this corresponds to the "features" folder of the Cucumber project that has the implementation steps. Note: The directory will be created if it does not exist.

Xray: Cucumber Features Import Task

This build step will import existing cucumber Tests from existing Cucumber feature files into Xray issues. This Task will import from .feature files and also from .zip files.

It invokes Xray's Import Cumcumber Tests REST API endpoint (see more information here)

fielddecription
JIRA instanceThe Jira instance where Xray is running.
Project KeyThis is the project where the Tests and Pre-Conditions will be created/updated.
Cucumber feature files directoryThis is the directory containing your feature files. All the files in this directory and sub directories will be imported.
Modified in the last hoursBy entering an integer n here, only files that where modified in the last n hours will be imported. 
Leave empty if you do not want to use this parameter.


Xray: Results Import Task

The app provides easy access to Xray's Import Execution Results REST API endpoints (see more information here). Therefore, it mimics the endpoints input parameters.

It supports importing results in Xray's own JSON format, Cucumber, Behave, JUnit, and NUnit, among others.

Using a glob expression, you can import multiple results files in the following formats:

  • JUnit
  • TestNG
  • NUnit
  • Robot framework

For those formats, the file path needs to be relative to the workspace.

Configuration 

fielddescription
Jira instanceThe Jira instance where Xray is running
FormatA list of test result formats and its specific endpoint
Execution Report File

The results relative file path

Note: glob expressions are supported for

  • JUnit
  • TestNG
  • NUnit
  • Robot framework

Additional fields

Depending on the chose test result format and endpoint, some additional fields may need to be configured.

format and specific endpointfielddescription

Behave JSON multipart

Cucumber JSON multipart

NUnit XML multipart

JUnit XML multipart

Robot XML multipart

TestNG XML multipart

Test execution fields

An object (JSON) specifying the fields for the issue. You may specify the object either directly in the field or in the file path.



Learn more

The custom field IDs can be obtained using the Jira REST API Browser tool included in Jira. Each ID is of the form "customfield_ID".

Another option, which does not require Jira administration rights, is to invoke the "Get edit issue meta" in an existing issue (e.g., in a Test issue) as mentioned here.

Example: GET http://yourserver/rest/api/2/issue/CALC-1/editmeta 


NUnit XML

JUnit XML

Robot XML

TestNG XML

Import to Same Test ExecutionWhen this option is check, if you are importing multiple execution report files using a glob expression, the results will be imported to the same Test Execution
Project keyKey of the project where the Test Execution (if the Test Execution Key field wasn't provided) and the Tests (if they aren't created yet) are going to be created
Test execution key

Key of the Test Execution

Test plan keyKey of the Test Plan
Test environmentsList of Test Environments separated by ";"
RevisionSource code's revision being target by the Test Execution
Fix versionThe Fix Version associated with the test execution (it supports only one value)


Examples

Cucumber

In a typical Cucumber Workflow, after having created a Cucumber project and the Cucumber tests specified in Jira, you may want to have a project that exports the features from Jira, executes the automated tests on a CI environment and then imports back its results.

For this scenario, the Jenkins project would be configured with a set of tasks responsible for:

  1. Pulling the Cucumber project
  2. Exporting Cucumber features from Jira to your Cucumber project
  3. Executing the tests in the CI environment
  4. Importing the execution results back to Jira

Exporting Cucumber features

To start the configuration, add the build step Xray: Cucumber Features Export Task.

After that, configure it.

In this example, we configured the task to extract the features from a set of issues (PROJ-78 and PROJ-79) to the folder that holds the Cucumber project.

Importing Cucumber features

To start the configuration, add the build step Xray: Cucumber Features Import Task.

After that, configure it.

In this example, we configured the task to import to the Project IF of the Xray instance all the .features and .zip files that are contained in \Cucumber directory and sub directories, which were modified in the last 3 hours.


Importing the execution results

To start the configuration, add the post-build action Xray: Results Import Task.

After that, configure it.

In this example, we configured the task to import the Cucumber JSON results back to Jira.

Once all configurations are done, click Save at the bottom of the page.

After running the job, the expected result is a new Test Execution issue created in the Jira instance.

Importing the execution results with user-defined field values

For Cucumber, Behave, JUnit, Nunit and Robot, Xray for Jenkins allows you to create new Test Executions and have control over newly-created Test Execution fields. You can send two files, the normal execution result file and a JSON file similar to the one Jira uses to create new issues. More details regarding how Jira creates new issues here

For this scenario and example, the import task needs to be configured with the Cucumber JSON Multipart format. When selecting this option, you can additionally configure the Test Execution fields in one of two ways:

  • Insert the relative path to the JSON file containing the information, or
  • Insert the JSON content directly in the field.

In this example, we configured the following object:

{
   "fields": {
      "project": {
         "key": "PROJ"
      },
      "summary": "Test Execution for Cucumber results (Generated by job: ${BUILD_TAG})",
      "issuetype": {
         "id": "10102"
      }
   }
}


And configured the task to import the Cucumber JSON Multipart results back to Jira.

Once all configurations are done, click Save at the bottom of the page.

After running the job, the expected result is a new Test Execution issue created in the Jira instance, with the Test Execution fields as specified in the Jenkins build step configuration.

JUnit

Apart from supporting Cucumber natively, Xray enables you to take advantage of many other testing frameworks like JUnit. In this sense, Xray for Jenkins lets you import results in other formats besides Cucumber JSON.

If you want to import JUnit XML reports, a typical Job outline would be:

  1. Pulling the JUnit project
  2. Executing the tests in the CI environment
  3. Importing the execution results, including Tests, to JIRA

Importing the execution results

To start the configuration, add the post-build action Xray: Results Import Task.

After that, configure it.

In this example, we have a configuration where the JUnit XML format is chosen.

After running the plan, the expected result is a new Test Execution issue created in the JIRA instance.

You can also import multiple results using a glob expression, like in the following example

Pipeline projects support

Xray for Jenkins provides support for pipelines projects, allowing you to use Xray specific tasks.


Here is a simple example of a pipeline script using the Xray: Cucumber Features Export Task 

Jenkinsfile example (declarative)
pipeline {
    agent any
    stages {
        stage('Export Cucumber') {
            steps {
               step([$class: 'XrayExportBuilder', filePath: '\\features', issues: 'IF-1', serverInstance: '2ffc3a3e-9e2f-4279-abcd-e9301fe47bed'])
            }
        }
    }
}


Examples

JUnit

This is a declarative example, for JUnit based tests.

Jenkinsfile example (declarative)
pipeline {
    agent any
    stages {
        stage('Compile'){
            steps {
                checkout([$class: 'GitSCM', branches: [[name: '*/master']], doGenerateSubmoduleConfigurations: false, extensions: [[$class: 'SparseCheckoutPaths', sparseCheckoutPaths: [[path: 'java-junit-calc/']]]], submoduleCfg: [], userRemoteConfigs: [[credentialsId: 'a3285253-a867-4ea7-a843-da349fd36490', url: 'ssh://git@localhost/home/git/repos/automation-samples.git']]])
                sh "mvn clean compile -f java-junit-calc/pom.xml"
            }
        }
        
        stage('Test'){
            steps{
                sh "mvn test -f java-junit-calc/pom.xml"
            }
        }
        
        stage('Import results to Xray') {
            steps {
                step([$class: 'XrayImportBuilder', endpointName: '/junit', fixVersion: 'v3.0', importFilePath: 'java-junit-calc/target/surefire-reports/*.xml', importToSameExecution: 'true', projectKey: 'CALC', serverInstance: '552d0cb6-6f8d-48ba-bbad-50e94f39b722'])
            }
        }
    }
}

Cucumber ("standard" worflow)

This is a declarative example, for Cucumber tests using the "standard" workflow (see Testing with Cucumber).

Jenkinsfile example (declarative)
pipeline {
    agent any
    stages {
        stage('Export features from Xray'){
            steps {
                checkout([$class: 'GitSCM', branches: [[name: '*/master']], doGenerateSubmoduleConfigurations: false, extensions: [], submoduleCfg: [], userRemoteConfigs: [[credentialsId: 'a3285253-a867-4ea7-a843-da349fd36490', url: 'ssh://git@localhost/home/git/repos/automation-samples.git']]])
                step([$class: 'XrayExportBuilder', filePath: 'cucumber_xray_tests/features', filter: '11400', serverInstance: '552d0cb6-6f8d-48ba-bbad-50e94f39b722'])
            }
        }
        
        stage('Test'){
            steps{
                sh "cd cucumber_xray_tests && cucumber -x -f json -o data.json"
            }
        }
        
        stage('Import results to Xray') {
            steps {
                step([$class: 'XrayImportBuilder', endpointName: '/cucumber', importFilePath: 'cucumber_xray_tests/data.json', serverInstance: '552d0cb6-6f8d-48ba-bbad-50e94f39b722'])
            }
        }
    }
}

Cucumber ("VCS/Git based") worflow)

This is a declarative example, for Cucumber tests using the "VCS/Git based" workflow (see Testing with Cucumber).

Jenkinsfile example (declarative)
pipeline {
    agent any
    stages {
         stage('Synch (update) recent tests to Xray'){
            steps {
                checkout([$class: 'GitSCM', branches: [[name: '*/master']], doGenerateSubmoduleConfigurations: false, extensions: [], submoduleCfg: [], userRemoteConfigs: [[credentialsId: 'a3285253-a867-4ea7-a843-da349fd36490', url: 'ssh://git@localhost/home/git/repos/automation-samples.git']]])
                step([$class: 'XrayImportFeatureBuilder', folderPath: 'cucumber_xray_tests/features', lastModified: '10', projectKey: 'CALC', serverInstance: '552d0cb6-6f8d-48ba-bbad-50e94f39b722'])
            }
        }
        
        stage('Export features from Xray'){
            steps {
                checkout([$class: 'GitSCM', branches: [[name: '*/master']], doGenerateSubmoduleConfigurations: false, extensions: [], submoduleCfg: [], userRemoteConfigs: [[credentialsId: 'a3285253-a867-4ea7-a843-da349fd36490', url: 'ssh://git@localhost/home/git/repos/automation-samples.git']]])
                sh "rm -rf cucumber_xray_tests/features"
                step([$class: 'XrayExportBuilder', filePath: 'cucumber_xray_tests/features', filter: '11400', serverInstance: '552d0cb6-6f8d-48ba-bbad-50e94f39b722'])
            }
        }
        
        stage('Test'){
            steps{
                sh "cd cucumber_xray_tests && cucumber -x -f json -o data.json"
            }
        }
        
        stage('Import results to Xray') {
            steps {
                step([$class: 'XrayImportBuilder', endpointName: '/cucumber', importFilePath: 'cucumber_xray_tests/data.json', serverInstance: '552d0cb6-6f8d-48ba-bbad-50e94f39b722'])
            }
        }
    }
}

Recommendations

You can automatically generate your step scripts using the Jenkins Snippet Generator.

This is the simplest way to generate your step script, and we strongly recommend the use of this snippet due to the complexity of some task related parameters. 

Troubleshooting

The build process is failing with status code 403

When you check the log, it has the following:

By default, when you successively try to log into Jira with the wrong credentials, the Jira instance will prompt you to provide a CAPTCHA the next time you try to log in. It is not possible to provide this information via the build process, so it will fail with status code 403 Forbidden.

You will need to log into Jira via the browser and provide the CAPTCHA.

If you are a Jira administrator, you can go to Jira administration > User Management and reset the failed login.